“First, Gradually, and then suddenly,” is how Hemingway described the bankruptcy process, and it can also be described hyperinflation of government currencies and howmany come to understand bitcoin. Today we continue our series of articles on Bitcoin and its properties. Today's text will be on behalf of Professor of Economics at Lebanon American University and author of the book Bitcoin Standard Sayfiddin Ammus.
Table of contents
Suddenly - Part 1: Bitcoin, not Blockchain
Suddenly - Part 2: Here's What Bitcoin Decides
Suddenly - Part 3: Bitcoin Is Not So Slow
Suddenly - Part 4: Bitcoin Does Not Waste Energy
Suddenly - Part 5: Bitcoin is not so volatile
Suddenly - Part 6: Bitcoin cannot be copied
To be continued…
Bitcoin is money
Or rather, Bitcoin has become money (for me). It was a slow process, including overcoming a number of psychological blocks, but it all started with the question: What is money? This is where the real rabbit hole begins. Not speculation in the spirit “Blockchain will change the world”but trying to answer the question: “Why am I wearing a fiat in my wallet?” Why hundreds of millions of people exchange dailyreal, hard earned value for these pieces of paper (or their digital representation)? This question is hard to ask, but even harder to answer. I realized that everyone should approach this issue in their own way, at their own pace and guided by their own life experience. To at least begin to understand bitcoin, you need to be interested in this issue.
For me, the journey began with understandingwhy gold was money. For this, it was necessary to understand the unique qualities that make this or that better or worse form of money, as well as what distinguishes money as a unique economic product from most other types of economic products. The book “A Brief History of Money” contributed to my education in these matters, not as a gospel, but rather as a foundation for setting a task. When I applied this foundation to my own life experience and my own understanding of the existing financial system and its shortcomings, only then everything began to become intuitive. For those who have spent years thinking about monetary principles, it may be obvious that bitcoin is money, but for others it may not be so. But when Bitcoin became intuitive, over time its monetary nature will not be in doubt.
I found it useful to compare bitcoin with twotangible landmarks: gold and the dollar financial system. Does A (Bitcoin) have common properties with B (gold or dollar)? Is A Better Than B? After all, what makes something money is not something absolute. It is all a matter of choosing between storing value in one medium or in another, which always includes concessions. Without understanding the flaws of the existing financial system (be it the dollar, euro, yen, bolivar, peso, etc.), I would not have come to understand why Bitcoin is money.
When during the crisis I worked at Deutsche Bank,I did not have a basis to understand what was really happening. Only ten years later, having worked in the field of restructuring and in the macro hedge fund, did I begin to develop a clearer understanding of the events of 2008-2009. Thanks to my own studies of the big financial crisis, the US Federal Reserve System (FRS) and, in particular, the effect of quantitative easing, I came to the main conclusion that the root problem was that the leverage in the financial system was approximately 150: 1 (too much debt and too few dollars) and that such a crazy share of borrowed funds was possible only as a result of the Fed's policy, during the three decades preceding the crisis, which prevented a reduction in the share of borrowed funds. It further became apparent that the decision (quantitative easing) only led to metastases of an unstable credit system over the next 10 years, making future quantitative easing inevitable. I came to the conclusion that, regardless of whether Bitcoin survives, the existing financial system is close to its end and a change in the current status quo is inevitable in the future.
Then I realized that Bitcoin has a fixedsentence. Understanding how and why this is possible is the basis for understanding bitcoin as money. This requires substantial personal investment in understanding how economic incentives are intertwined with the technical architecture of Bitcoin and why Bitcoin cannot be “tampered with” or copied. (or rather, why are the incentives strong enough for collaboration and why the costs of lost profits are too high for betrayal). It is a long journey, but ultimately it leads tothe understanding that the global network of rational economic actors operating in the voluntary monetary system will not reach an overwhelming collective consensus that depreciates the currency that they independently and voluntarily choose as a means of saving. This reality (or belief system) thus supports and reinforces economic incentives, the technical architecture, and the network effect of Bitcoin.
So it’s not just that the program codedictates that there will be only 21 million bitcoins, and in understanding why such a monetary policy is reliable and stable, and how bitcoin reaches verified rarity. It is impossible to understand this in one evening. It is impossible to explain at the party. This reality is reinforced only gradually, by observing how this motivational structure works every 10 minutes (on average). If we then compare this with how the dollar system works, or even with the foundation of gold, then bitcoin as money becomes more intuitive.
In general, trying to understand Bitcoin as money, it’s worth starting with gold, the dollar, the Fed, quantitative easing and why Bitcoin’s offer is fixed. Money is not just a collective hallucination or belief system; they have a certain meaning. Bitcoin exists as a solution to the money problem -global quantitative easing, and do not assume that the depreciation of local currencies in Turkey, Argentina or Venezuela cannot be repeated in the United States or any other developed economy. Bitcoin represents a fundamentally different structure and a more viable path, but in order to know where we are going, you need to understand how we got to the current state.
Hayek writes about the price mechanism as the greatestthe system of dissemination of knowledge in the world ("Use of knowledge in society") Money manipulation distorts global pricing mechanisms, which is why “bad” information is disseminated in the economic system. When this manipulation lasts 30-40 years, a huge imbalance is created in the basic economic activity, and it is in this situation that we are today. Ultimately, the dollar became the gold problem, and the dollar problem was the economic distortion, which led to a quantitative easing and was aggravated by it.
Bitcoin promises to solve both problems. Since the offer of bitcoin is fixed and impossible to manipulate, it will sooner or later become the most reliable pricing mechanism in the world and, as a result, the greatest system of disseminating knowledge. Today's volatility is nothing but a logical way to detect prices in the process of multiple growth in adoption and advancement to a future state of full adoption.
“Establishment economists ridicule the volatility of Bitcoin, as if something that has just appeared can become a stable form of money in one night; it's ridiculous. " - Vijay Boyapati in SLP
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