Scientists have found an environmentally friendly way to produce ammonia, which also allows it to be used to store and transport energy.
Ammonia is an essential chemical foragriculture, which accounts for 80% of its consumption. Its use can increase the productivity of food crops four times. However, modern industrial production of NH3 according to the Haber-Bosch method requires significant consumption of thermal energy, hence fossil fuels, and is associated with significant carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Environmentalists estimate that ammonia production today accounts for 2% of global energy consumption and 1% of CO2 emissions.
Now chemical engineers from New UniversitySouth Wales has developed a new technology for its production, which allows it to be produced near the place of consumption without pollution of the atmosphere. Their method is based on the use of atmospheric pressure plasmas generated inside water bubbles.
This method is energy efficient andenvironmentally friendly. In addition to the production of fertilizers, such ammonia can be used for temporary storage of hydrogen fuel or an independent source of energy.
We also previously reported that scientists were able to convert natural gas into a non-explosive solid that is easy to store.</p>